The Mekong Delta is the region in southwestern Vietnam where the Mekong River approaches and empties into the sea through a network of distributaries. It officially starts about 100 km to the south west of Ho Chi Minh City. The delta region encompasses a large portion of southeastern Vietnam of 39000 km2.
This vast delta is formed by the mighty Mekong River which has its origin in the Tibetan highland plateau and makes its way through China, Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia and South Vietnam before flowing out into the South China Sea. The Mekong's Vietnamese name, Cuu Long, means Nine Dragons for nine tributaries.
The Mekong Delta, often referred to as Vietnam’s rice basket, is the biggest rice-growing region in the country which produces three harvests a year and provides 60% of nation’s rice. Besides that, Mekong delta is the place of different tropical fruits such as durian, coconut, banana, pineapple, dragon fruit… The majority of Vietnam's fruits come from the many orchards of the Mekong Delta. People come here can enjoy the seasonal fruits all round year.
Mekong Delta is divided into 9 provinces. The main towns of the delta are My Tho, Vinh Long, Can Tho and Chau Doc.
The area is both riparian and deeply rural, but it's also one of Vietnam's most densely populated regions. The people in this region are made up of Vietnamese and people of Khmer, Chinese and Cham origin. This accounts for the variety of religions that add to the cultural diversity of this area. Among the religions practiced here are: Buddhism, Catholicism, Cao Dai, Hoa Hao and Islam.
How to travel to Mekong Delta:
Located quite near Ho Chi Minh City, Mekong Delta is quite easy to reach.
- By airway
Catch an international flight to Tan Son Nhat Airport in Ho Chi Minh City. From Ho Chi Minh City, continue to Mekong Delta by roadway. 2 main bus hubs in Ho Chi Minh City are Mien Dong Bus Station and Mien Tay Bus Station.
- By waterway
It is quite easy and convenient to travel from Cambodia to Mekong Delta by waterway. You can travel from Phnom Penh to Chau Doc in An Giang Province. Going by waterway on Mekong River to get Mekong Delta is absolutely a perfect way to enjoy the beauty of this river.
- By roadway
It is easy to travel from Kampot in the southern of Cambodia to Ha Tien in Kien Giang. Besides, bus connection between Phnom Penh and Can Tho are now available.