Phnom Penh - The Capital of Cambodia
Located on the bank of Mekong River, Phnom Penh is the national capital and also the largest city in Cambodia. Being a city of more than 2 million people, Phnom Penh is not only commercial, economical centre of Cambodia, but also a wonderful travel destination.
Phnom Penh is the capital city of the Kingdom of Cambodia and the major political, economic, cultural, communication and tourism center for both domestic and international services.
With the total are of about 67846 km2 and the current population of about more than 2 million people, Phnom Penh is the largest city in Cambodia.
Phnom Penh is located in the south-central region of Cambodia. It is conveniently located on the banks where four rivers converge, the Upper Mekong, Lower Mekong, the Tonle Sap and the Bassac. There for, it is also called as “Chatomuk” (four-river-surrounded city).
Arial view of Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh has a tropical wet and dry climate. The city has two distinct seasons: the rainy season runs from May to October and the dry season lasts from November to April of the following year. The best months to visit the city are November to February when temperatures, humidity and rainfall are lower.
Phnom Penh is mostly inhabited by Khmers – they represent 90% of the population of the city. There are large minorities of Chinese, Vietnamese, and other small ethnic groups who are Thai, Budong, Mnong Preh, Kuy, Chong, and Chams.
The city was established in 1431 by King Pohnea Yat. It has become the country's sixth capital since the end of 19th Century. It was named after Lady Penh, who founded it in 1372. According to legend, a wealthy woman called Lady Penh found a hollow Koki tree contained four bronze statues of the Buddha which washed up to her lawn on the bank of Tonle Sap after a storm. So she built a temple for the Buddha on top of a nearby hill – the highest natural point in the area – therefore “Phnom Penh” (Hill of Penh).
Independence Monument - a remarkable sight in Phnom Penh
Modern development and planning took place after independence in 1953, with the addition of tree lined avenues, gardens with fountains and several distinctive monuments reflecting the city's new found sense of freedom. Modern day Phnom Penh is a bustling city and new construction projects abound as demand for new housing and office space keeps growing.
Central Market at the city center.
Phnom Penh has an international airport which has all the major Asian airlines operating in it. Phnom Penh or Pochentong International Airport, the largest airport in Cambodia, is located 7 km west of the city center.
Phnom Penh characterizes an eclectic blend of Asian exotica, unique Cambodian hospitality and irresistible Indochinese charm. Once known as the "Pearl of Asia", it was considered one of the loveliest French-built cities in Indochina in the 1920s. Phnom Penh, along with Siem Reap and Sihanoukville, are significant global and domestic tourist destinations for Cambodia.
Image Sources: Internet.