My Son Holy Land - Deserted Temples Of Champa Kingdom

1996 View

Mỹ Sơn Holy land - a unique beautiful sanctuary world of the ancient Chăm religion, is day by day attracting thousands of tourists elsewhere!

My Son Sanctuary located at Duy Phu, Duy Xuyen District, about 45km west of Hoi An town and 70km southwest of Da Nang city. The temples in a secret valley where is very magnificent and severe, just be found in 1885 by French soldiers.

The vestige includes more than 70 temples and epitaphs. My Son is considered as holy land of Hinduism of Chămpa Kingdom. It developed continuously through ten centuries between the 4th and 13th century. Based on the stone epitaph in My Son, they explore that the first temple was built by wooden in the 4th century. After that, the temple was burned without unknown reason. The King Sambhuvarman rebuilt the temple with more durable materials in the 7th century and it still exists to this days. The Kings of Chămpa Kingdom remodeled and built new temples to give up their gods.

My Son Holly Land

If you are enjoying a tour to My Son Holy Land, what can not be missed is the historical story of the sanctuary to be told to you by guides. The Chăm people belong to an ethnic group in Southeast Asia. They formed the core of the Muslim communities in both Cambodia and Vietnam. Chăm is remnant of the Chămpa Kingdom (7th to 15th centuries), closely related to the Malay race.

From the 4th to 15th centuries, a unique culture which owed its spiritual origins to Indian Hinduism of Cham developed on the coast of contemporary Viet Nam. This is graphically illustrated by the remains of a series of impressive tower-temples located in a dramatic site of My Son, which was the religious and political capital of the Chămpa Kingdom for most of its existence.

According to records on the stone stele, the prime foundation of the ancient My Son architectural complex was a wooden temple to worship the Siva Bhadresvera genie. In the late 16th century, a big fire destroyed the temple. Step by step, historical mysteries were unveiled by scientists. Through stone stele and royal dynasties, they proved My Son to be the most important Holy Land of the Chăm people during the mentioned centuries, reflecting the style and history of Chăm People.

Most of temples was affected by Hinduism architecture. Except a few temples lean to the west, a major of temples toward to the east – the sunrise direction where their gods resided. My Son Sanctuary is a remarkable architectural ensemble that has variety of architectural designs symbolizing the greatness and purity of Mount Meru, the home of Hindu gods. The tower temple was constructed in fired brick with stone pillar and decorated with sandstone bas-reliefs depicting scenes from Hindu mythology.

My Son Sanctuary was strong destroyed due to the war and time, however, its remains still being cultural and historical tremendous value. Even though, it’s not huge as Angkor, Bagan or Borobudua, it still hold an important role in the world’s architecture. Depends on its invaluable things, My Son Sanctuary was recognized as the world cultural heritage by UNESCO in 1999, in Marr Kest of Marocco republic country.

 

My Son Holly Land

Travel Tips Visiting My Son Holy Land

The site is modest and can easily be explored in an hour.
A good guide can help you appreciate the site with interesting facts such as the debate over the mysterious method used to bond the bricks together.

Nora Tran

Images source: Internet

1996 View

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