Imperial Citadel, considered as a World Cultural Heritage site by UNESCO, is one of the destinations in the must-see list of the tourist who go to Hue City. Located on the bank of Huong River, the citadel compound was built by the Nguyen Dynasty from 1805-1945. Here, visitors will admire the brilliant ancient architecture and explore historical stories behind.
Hue is the capital of Vietnam throughout the 19th – 20th century. Hue was center of Vietnamese governance and politics during the Nguyen Emperors' rule. Nowadays, Hue is still keep a part of this center with the famous Hue citadel, owning high stonewalls and the refined palaces and temples behind, this construction become the most popular attraction and historic site in Hue City.
With about 520 hectares in size, Hue Citadel stays close to the banks of the Perfume River and is enclosed by a wall made of stone, brick and earth and measuring 8 metres (26ft) high and 20 metres (65ft) thick. The citadel has three circles of ramparts: Kinh Thanh (capital citadel), Hoang Thanh (royal citadel) and Tu Cam Thanh (forbidden citadel). Con Hen and Con Da Vien on the Perfume River were chosen as geomancy condition “dragon on the left, tiger on the right” to protect the capital city.
Hue capital citadel was built in 1805 under the reign of King Gia Long and accomplished in 1832 under the reign of King Minh Mang. Through Nguyen dynasty, kings had built ramparts, palaces, and constructional works of royal
Hoang Thanh-Royal citadel is situated in the central citadel, which established highest offices of Vietnam’s feudalism and sanctums honoring of King. The Citadel has a square form with more than 600 meters and 4 meters thick. Going to the Imperial city, you can access four entrances. Noon Gate is the entrance that used for the King. Royal Palace included more 100 beautiful constructions.
Tu Cam Thanh (Forbidden citadel) is situated inside the Imperial city. It was constructed early in the reign of Gia Long in 1804 with 3.72-meter height 0.72-meter thick. Forbidden citadel consists of 50 architectural constructions and 7 entrances. In addition, Hue is also famous for its royal tombs and temples of Nguyen dynasty. 7 tombs are not only wonderful arts but also symbols for Hue architecture.
Tu Cam Thanh
Travel Tips Visiting Hue Citadel
The Citadel is downtown and can easily be reached by bicycle, cyclo, motorcycle taxi, or on foot. Approach on foot from outer wall, this will give you a better sense of the scale of the place and give you some time to think about it all before you hit crowds at the main entrance. The citadel is large, mainly uncovered and can be crowed and very hot. Early morning and late afternoon will be the most pleasant, least crowed and most picturesque.
Image source: Internet