There are numerous war memorials, historical museums, prisons, mausoleums locating right in the heart of the city, especially Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum – the greatest leader in Vietnam history. As a multi-cultural community affected by Chinese, French and Russian, Hanoi is not only an old developing city but also offers vibrant nightlife, amazing local food, and many magnificent tourism attractions nearby, Ha Long Bay for example.
Hanoi has been inhabited since at least 3,000 B.C., from the period of Co Loa Citadel (belonging to Dong Anh district) serving as the capital of Au Lac kingdom (Pre Thang Long period), through many dynasties and wars (named Thang Long – Dong Do – Dong Quan – Dong Kinh), to being Vietnam’s capital in present day.
Main history event:
Hanoi was eclipsed by Hue – the imperial capital of Vietnam during Nguyen Dynasty (from 1802 to 1945). From 1010 to 1802, Hanoi was considered to be the most important political center of Vietnam.
In 1873, the French conquered Hanoi, which made Hanoi into French’s colonial administrative center from 1883 to 1945. During the period, the French built a modern administrative city, many churches, public buildings, luxury villas but also destroyed various imperial palaces and citadels, reduced lakes’ and canals’ sizes, which results in Hanoi as it is today.
Similarly to most of French’s colonized land in Indochina and Southeast Asia, Japanese empire took control over Hanoi. On September 2nd, 1945, President Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam at Ba Dinh Square, which involved Hanoi in the most important milestone in Vietnam’s history. Afterwards, Hanoi has become Vietnam’s capital on January 6th, 1946.
2. Name main history attraction:
Temple of literature
3. Culture (ethnicity, living custom, religious belief, special tradition and festival, etc.)
Generally, Hanoi people are often stereotyped to be more formal the Southern or other area cities. Hanoi ethnic residents are often friendly and hospitable. However, Hanoi is a multi-cultural city with citizens coming from many other Nothern provinces to look for better opportunities, which results in some complex in customs and people’s behaviors.
Hanoi, or other Northern part of the coutry, pays more attention in religious and traditional festivals. If you love to experience the truest traditional festival culture, then you should join Perfume Festival (hosted in Hanoi’s iconic Perfume Pagoda), Lim Festival (hosted in Bac Ninh province). The festivals do not just offer true view of how locals celebrate such tradition, but also gives travelers the chance to enjoy UNESCO-listed “quan ho” folk singing, many folk games such as bamboo swings, cockfighting, tug-of-war, wrestling, blind man’s bluff, and human chess.
Hanoi local life
(How many season - Weather of each season - Which is the best time for traveling)
Featuring a wam humid subtropical climate, Hanoi has 4 diffrent seassons. Summer is hot and humid with abudant rainfall through out May to August. Decreasing temperature and precipation, Fall season is comprised of September and October. The city is usually cloudy and foggy but cool and dry during Winter (from November to next January).
Visitors often come to Hanoi from September to November or March to April, when the weather is mild, not too hot or too wet. If you would prefer cold days for your stay, coming to Hanoi during November to March is suggested.
Hanoi is a compact city, in which travellers usually stay within center distrcts (Hoan Kiem, Ba Dinh, Tay Ho or Hai Ba Trung). Getting around is quite convenient thanks to closely located attractions, restaurants, and hotels. You can either take taxi or xe om (motorbike taxi), hire private car or travel around by buses. The prices are relatively cheaper in comparison with other cities in Vietnam.
6. Travel tips
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