The full name of Cambodia is the Kingdom of Cambodia, which is located on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia, attracting tourists from all over the world by ancient relics such as Angkor Wat or Angkor Thom monuments, spectacular natural scenes at Tonle Sap Lake or Mekong River, along with marvellous beaches and beautiful islands like Sihanoukville, Koh Rong,... In addition, Cambodia tourism is a great experience for Buddhists who like to explore the ruins of the past as well as for those who have a strong desire to engulf in the wild beauty of nature.
Angkor Wat temple
History of Cambodia
As one of the countries with the longest and most developed history in Southeast Asia. The first civilization known in Cambodia appeared around the first millennium with the birth of the Funan Kingdom, believed to be the first country influenced by Indian culture. At the present, the culture, the traditional customs as well as the language of Khmer mostly originate from this period. In late 9th century, the Khmer Kingdom was born by the national hero Jayavarman II who unified the country in the territory of Funan and Chenla before, the capital of that time was Angkor, was considered as the full flourish period of Khmer civilization. From the 9th century to the 13th century, Khmer Kingdom built a lot of great landscapes such as Angkor Wat and Angkor Thom,...combined with the development of agriculture, pisciculture and handicraft. The territory at that time was also expanded From the 13th century to the 19th century, civil wars and colonial invasion had weakened the kingdom.
In the first decades of the 19th century, French colonialists entered into Indochina. In 1863, France forced King Norodom to sign a Treaty to place Cambodia under French protection and Cambodia completely became a French colony for 90 years later.
In 1941, Sihanouk was crowned and then led to the champion of Cambodia's independence. On November 9th, 1953, France declared to return Cambodia independence.
Bearing the imprint of religions imported from India, especially Hinduism and Buddhism, so these religious thoughts have dominated and almost strongly influenced on all aspects of life, both materiality and spirit of Cambodian. Today, Buddhism makes up about 80% population who living and working in there. This religious has also been associated with the development and prosperity of Cambodia and made an important contribution to creating a distinct cultural identity. In addition, due to imported from many countries, Cambodia also converges an unique culture that make tourists come and learn a lot of amazing things in this country.
About architecture, it is largely known as the buildings built during the Khmer Kingdom. As above-mentioned, Buddhism and Hinduism as well as legendary thoughts have a great influence on the art of decorating these great architectural works. The basic feature was to built from wood, bamboo or straw and stone materials. And remaining until today is the stone buildings such as walls, roads and temples.
Following Buddhism, it means Cambodia's culture owning a lot of different festivals. On occasions, the dances and songs which show at festival also carry the breath and soul of Buddhism. But in Hindu's festivals, it looks richer in art performances like the old "Pin Peat" with a range of instruments are mainly made from bamboo, wood, lumps,.. Ancient dance praising the creator of Hinduism, court dance art originated from the "Apsara" character in the Hindu legend. In the end, Cambodia with dozens of ethnic groups, each of them having different dance tunes surely bring visitors the unforgettable cultural art parties when traveling to this kingdom.
The best time for Cambodia traveling
The climate in Cambodia is relatively similar to Vietnam having the same seasons: rainy and sunny but mostly hotter. Therefore, when traveling to Cambodia, visitors pay attention to avoid hot sunshine periods. From November to February is the ideal time of Cambodia tourism, at this time the weather is comfortable, not too hot and less rainy. In April annual, is the Tet holiday of Khmer so there are many festivals such as Songkran. From mid-November, there is a traditional boat racing festival.
How to come to Cambodia?
Money in Cambodia
In fact, dollar is popular in there and you should prepare more small USD for convenience. You can also use Riel (called Ria) with the rate is approximately 4000 riel = 1 USD. If you travel by road, you should exchange at border gate and remember that don't change money from USD to Riel, the exchange rate will be lower. And you can also use Vietnamese Dong in some places.
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